Military and civilian means are used both in EU’s crisis management operations and for the security of EU citizens. Often military and civilian capabilities overlap, for example in the areas of dual-use research, satellite communications, space or Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems (RPAS).
European Framework Cooperation
In November 2009 the EDA Steering Board launched the European Framework Cooperation (EFC) for defence, civilian security and space-related research. The EFC aims at systematically coordinating research investments by EDA, the European Commission and the European Space Agency, focusing in particular on areas of dual-use for civilian security and military users. The overall aim is to prevent duplication between defence and civilian research to save resources, and to improve civil-military interoperability and standardisation.
European Structural Funds
In the context of promoting greater innovation across Europe, EDA is facilitating access to European Structural Funds (ESF) for defence industry and academia in the field of dual-use research. This will help to ensure that key technology and industrial priorities – as identified by Member States in the framework of EDA – are maintained or developed in Europe.
ESF has the potential to become an additional source of funding research and innovation dual-use projects in the field of security and defence. After an experimental phase in 2013, EDA promotes a more systematic approach in support of Member States, taking advantage of the EU programming period 2014-2020.
EDA & Space
Space-based assets, whether military or civilian, are an essential component for information superiority and operational autonomy to achieve tactical, operational and strategic objectives. Those assets contribute to command and control of operations and situation awareness.
The Agency’s space-related activities range from harmonising military requirements, identifying and initiating new opportunities for Pooling & Sharing and conducting preparatory studies in areas such as satellite communications, earth observation, RPAS command and control, the protection of critical space and ground infrastructures as well as in the field of critical space technologies. In doing so, and to guarantee effective dual-use coordination and the most efficient capability development for national defence forces and CSDP, substantive dialogues are in place with all key players, within the EU, industry or partners such as the European Space Agency.